Thursday, April 30, 2009

Corsair (Cussler novel)









































Corsair  
AuthorClive Cussler & Jack B. Du Brul
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
SeriesThe Oregon Files
Genre(s)Thriller novel
PublisherBerkley Publishing Group
Publication date10 March 2009
Media typeprint hardback
Preceded byPlague Ship (2008)

Corsair is the 6th installment of the The Oregon Files by Clive Cussler & Jack B. Du Brul. It involves Juan Cabrillo and his crew of concerned mercenaries.



[edit] Plot introduction


Corsairs are pirates, and pirates come in many different varieties. There are the pirates who fought off the Barbary Coast in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, the contemporary pirates who infest the waters of Africa and Asia and the pirates... who look like something else.


When the U. S. Secretary of State's plane crashes while bringing her to a summit meeting in Libya, the CIA, distrusting the Libyans, hire Cabrillo to search for her, and the misgivings are well founded. The crew locates the plane - but the Secretary of State has vanished. It turns out Libya's new foreign minister has other plans for the conference, ones Cabrillo cannot let happen. But what does it all have to do with a 200-year-old naval battle, and the centuries-old Islamic scrolls that the Libyans seem so determined to find?



[edit] References









Teru

Teru is one of the 29 woredas in the Afar Region of Ethiopia. Part of the Administrative Zone 4, Teru is bordered on the south by Aura, on the southwest by Gulina, on the west by Yalo, and on the north and east by the Administrative Zone 2. Information is lacking on the towns of this woreda.


There are two rivers in this woreda, the Awra and Megale, but as of 2004, they have "changed their course and ... [their] water disappears in deep cracks in the ground". Deforestation is a problem in Teru. There are two roads in the woreda, but both are in poor condition.[1] The tallest point in Teru is the dormant volcano Mount Dabbahu.


Education in Teru consists of 4 schools, where the first four grades are taught; there are a total of 304 students of whom 22 are female. There are a total of 10 teachers, 3 of whom teach in Afar. Of the 4 schools, 3 were constructed by Ethiopian Social Rehabilitation and Development Fund and one by the community.[1]


Based on figures published by the Central Statistical Agency in 2005, this woreda has an estimated total population of 43,794, of whom 19,969 were males and 23,825 were females. Information is not available for the area of Teru, so its population density cannot be calculated.[2]


On 29 September, 2005, a 5.5 magnitude earthquake struck Boyna and Dabbahu kebeles in Teru. Because this earthquake caused hot springs in the area to erupt with enormous clouds of steam, locals at first believed this was a volcanic eruption. The fault that moved was measured as being 35 kilometers long. No one was killed, but by 21 October 11,000 people were reported as having fled the affected areas and taking refuge in three camps.[3]



[edit] Notes




  1. ^ a b Afar Pastoralist Development Association, "Document of Afar Development Conference Aysaita, December 15-30, 2004" (accessed 13 January 2009)

  2. ^ CSA 2005 National Statistics, Table B.3. Rural population numbers are believed to be underreported for this woreda.

  3. ^ Statement on the current earthquake in central Afar Region, Update to the Teeru Earthquake, Afar Pastorialist Development Association











Wednesday, April 29, 2009

Troop 47













Troop 47 is an American contemporary rock band, predominantly known for its wild stage antics, catchy pop rock, lengthy jams, and a penchant for substance abuse, which led to popularity with the college-rock scene from 1999-2005.[citation needed]






Troop 47 in 2003. (l-r) Frank Gabriel, Jeff Tascarella, Steve Lucas, Bob-E Tis, Dan Raimondi, Chad Goodstein









Contents







[edit] Band history


The band was initially formed in 1998 on Long Island, New York by vocalist Frank Gabriel and guitarist/singer/songwriter Erik McCormack, who had developed a friendship as working actors in New York City. The two performers rounded up the members that would make up the initial incarnation of Troop 47. These were: Bob-E Tis, an accomplished drummer and audio engineer and Steven R. Lucas, the former baritone saxophone player from the punk/ska band, Skandanavia. For the new project, Lucas instead played bass guitar. These four members started writing songs that would go on to be fan favorites for the life of the band, namely, "Jesus Stole My Weed", "Wash Your Feet", "Warm-Up" (which would later morph into "Adam's Lament,") and "Alright."


In September 1998, the band recorded their first demos at Look Studios in New York City in one night, with producer Dave Patello.


Eventually, the band found guitarist Mark Wise, an accomplished music theorist, and keyboardist Jeff Tascarella, who had played in the past with the drummer. Happy with their demo, the band began playing in New York City and Long Island and quickly developed a large following amongst the college crowd.


The shows became known as hedonistic free-for-alls, with the band openly advocating illicit drugs and sex.[citation needed] Good Times Music Magazine referenced Jim Morrison and Perry Farrel of the alt-rock band Jane's Addiction when speaking of Gabriel.[citation needed] Aside from his bizarre vocals and convulsions, the band was also becoming known for its extended and intricate jams, and in addition to the college party scene (and legions of young girls known as troopies), they also began to attract a Phish or Grateful Dead-like audience who were taping and trading the live shows.


In August 1999, Troop 47 recorded their first album Rivington at New York Hed Studios in Manhattan's Lower East Side. Mixed by Matt Verta-Ray of Madder Rose and Speedball Baby, the album was recorded in only 7 days, and the lack of a budget and experience resulted in a mediocre effort that did not capture the band's early energy. "I don't consider it an album," said Lucas, "It's a piece of sh*t." (New York Music Review, August 2000). The album was mixed by Joe Blaney, who had worked with Blues Traveler and The Clash.


Disappointed and disillusioned with the direction of the band, McCormack quit the band for a career in acting. After a brief stint with replacement Mark DiCarlo from the group Fuzzbubble, the band settled on acoustic guitarist Dan Raimondi. Lead guitarist Mark Wise also left the band, citing "creative differences", and was replaced by Chad Goodstein, an accomplished player who had worked with Jimmy Page of Led Zeppelin and The Cranberries.


With a new lineup in place and with quite a different sound, in August 2001 the band traveled to Argyle, New York to record their second album, Monsters and Marbles with producer Ted Marotta of the Ominous Seapods and The Lo Faber Band. A summer in the woods seemed to have influenced the band greatly; the resultant album was organic and mellow, reminiscent of Tom Petty or early Wilco, with much more of an emphasis on shorter compositions and less on experimentation. However, with the state of the declining music industry, record executives questioned the release, wondering what the potential "hit" was. When industry persona questioned Bob-E who the intended "audience" would be for the record, he smugly replied: "Human beings." In addition, the band returned home to New York just in time for the terrorist attacks of 9/11, and cancelled all touring plans.


In 2002, the band continued to play and build their following, when in April, they were approached by Vh1 to be the subject of a new reality show, "Undiscovered Genius". The show was to follow the band for a year through their performances and private lives, and at the show's conclusion, present the band with a record deal. Troop 47 put all other projects on hold and filmed "Undiscovered Genius", only to see the show cancelled before it even aired.[citation needed]


During this downtime, Gabriel and Tascarella formed the comedy side-project "The Children's Skeleton Workshop", along with singer/songwriter Paul Wenzel. Their live shows met with great acclaim[citation needed] but they never recorded an official album, choosing to instead focus solely on Troop.


The band decided that as a last hurrah, they would work with Jim Sabella, who saw success with Public Enemy and Marcy Playground, to record what would be their final album, Remains of the Radio. With Bob-E and Jeff taking over production duties on the record, the band put out a slick, rocking album of 12 pop-rock tunes. It was the band's best-selling album,[citation needed] but still was unable to solidify a recording contract for the group.


The band began to peel away one member at a time. Dan Raimondi left for personal reasons and was briefly replaced by the original member, McCormack. Jeff Tascarella left the band citing creative differences. After personal issues within the remaining members reached a boiling point, they called it quits in August 2005.



[edit] Aftermath


In October 2005, Goodstein, Lucas, and Gabriel joined up with drummer Steve Greco to form a new group called The Restaurant.


In Late 2005, Bob-E Tis hit the road as a sound engineer with the Derek Trucks Band.


In early 2006, Erik McCormack formed the novelty band, The Craptasticks, which is a popular act in the Catskill region of New York State.[citation needed]


Dan Raimondi has quit the music business, and Jeff Tascarella has started a boutique adult-store chain.[citation needed]


Mark Wise went on to study music at NYU and in the summer of 2002 formed Wounded Buffalo Theory with friends from high school and college, leaving the group in July 2004 to pursue other endeavours.



[edit] Discography



[edit] Albums



  • Rivington - (January, 2000)


Tracks: E.W.A.K - Stick - Daybreak - Little Jones - Beth - A Song - Cover - China White - Anne-Marie - Smoke



  • Monsters and Marbles - (February, 2002)


Tracks: Sandals - Beautiful - Song For Kathy - Good - Remember? - Brighton St. (Celebrate) - Monsters & Marbles - Sincerely Yours - Broken - Adam's Lament - Root Round - Better This Way - I.L.O.V.E.U. (Unlisted)



  • Remains of the Radio - (March, 2004)



[edit] Short film




[edit] External links









Bright, Indiana









































































Bright, Indiana


Coordinates: 39°13′5″N 84°51′44″W / 39.21806°N 84.86222°W / 39.21806; -84.86222
CountryUnited States
StateIndiana
CountyDearborn
Area
 - Total14.3 sq mi (37.1 km2)
 - Land14.3 sq mi (37.1 km2)
 - Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation922 ft (281 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total5,405
 - Density377.7/sq mi (145.8/km2)
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
Area code(s)812
FIPS code18-07624[1]
GNIS feature ID0431525[2]

Bright is a census-designated place (CDP) in Dearborn County, Indiana, United States. The population was 5,405 at the 2000 census.








Contents







[edit] Geography


Bright is located at 39°13′5″N 84°51′44″W / 39.21806°N 84.86222°W / 39.21806; -84.86222 (39.218114, -84.862357),[3] near Cincinnati.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 14.3 square miles (37.1 km²), all of it land.



[edit] Demographics


As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 5,405 people, 1,770 households, and 1,493 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 377.7 people per square mile (145.8/km²). There were 1,811 housing units at an average density of 126.6/sq mi (48.9/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 98.43% White, 0.41% African American, 0.11% Native American, 0.09% Asian, 0.30% from other races, and 0.67% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.63% of the population.


There were 1,770 households out of which 46.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 73.4% were married couples living together, 8.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 15.6% were non-families. 12.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.05 and the average family size was 3.36.


In the CDP the population was spread out with 31.7% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 31.6% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, and 6.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 100.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.4 males.


The median income for a household in the CDP was $63,813, and the median income for a family was $66,639. Males had a median income of $41,923 versus $27,917 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $22,401. About 1.6% of families and 1.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.8% of those under age 18 and 2.6% of those age 65 or over.



[edit] References



  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved on 2008-01-31. 

  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved on 2008-01-31. 

  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved on 2008-01-31. 



[edit] External links














Tuesday, April 28, 2009

Neabsco Creek

Neabsco Creek is a tributary of the lower tidal segment of the Potomac River located in eastern Prince William County, Virginia. The Neabsco Creek watershed covers about 27 square miles (70 km2). The creek has served as a vital waterway for trade and commerce in Northern Virginia since the eighteenth century.


The Neabsco's watershed is highly developed because of its proximity to the I-95 corridor and the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area. The EPA Office of Water recently identified the Neabsco Creek watershed as an "area of significant habitat degradation due to a loss of natural land cover and storm water management facilities designed without consideration for environmental conditions." Most of Dale City and Woodbridge empty into Neabsco Creek.


Prince William County has made significant investments to offset stormwater impacts throughout the watershed. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers proposal to dredge Neabsco Creek to help alleviate flooding on Route 1 was never funded and the area continues to flood on a routine basis. Congressman Tom Davis has secured more than $4 million in funds to clean up the Dale Service Corporation's sewage treatment plant on Neabsco Creek.


Local organizations often use Neabsco Creek to highlight the values of efforts to prevent damages to waterways. What has happened to the Neabsco is unfortunate, particularly because it was preventable. Now that the damage to this watershed has been done, repairs require significant investments of tax dollars and will never restore the Neabsco to its natural state.


Featherstone National Wildlife Refuge, 325 acres (1.32 km2) of tidal marsh and riparian wetlands and woodlands, is located about 22 miles (35 km) south of Washington, D.C. at the confluence of Neabsco Creek and the Potomac River and provides a habitat for neotropical migrants, waterfowl, ospreys, and historically bald eagles.



[edit] See also




[edit] External links










Potomac River system

Cities and towns | Bridges | Islands | Tributaries | Variant names

District of Columbia | Maryland | Pennsylvania | Virginia | West Virginia

Streams shown as: Major tributaries • subtributaries • (subsubtributaries) • (subsubsubtributaries)














Kludge







A kludge (or kluge) is a workaround, an ad hoc engineering solution, a clumsy or inelegant solution to a problem, typically using parts that are cobbled together.


Kludges are particularly widespread in computer programs, where processing speed is such that they may not make a big difference in performance.








Contents







[edit] Etymology


The etymology of kludge is itself a kludge, since there are many overlapping reports as to the word's origin, spelling and pronunciation.


Although the term may have been in use as early as the 1940s in the United Kingdom, the first printed usage given in the Oxford English Dictionary is from an article by Jackson Granholm titled “How to Design a Kludge,” which appeared in the American computer magazine Datamation in February 1962:[1]



An ill-assorted collection of poorly matching parts, forming a distressing whole.


Mr. Granholm goes on to say: "The word ‘kludge’ is...derived from the same root as the German Klug..., originally meaning ‘smart’ or ‘witty ’... ‘kludge’ eventually came to mean ‘not so smart’ or ‘pretty ridiculous’." It seems probable, however, that negative associations were intended from the beginning, since the words "fudge" and "botch" sound similar and have similar connotations. Granholm himself alluded to this less noble dimension in eulogistic terms: "The building of a kludge ... is not work for amateurs. There is a certain, indefinable, masochistic finesse that must go into true kludge building."


The Jargon File dictionary of computer slang (a.k.a. The New Hacker's Dictionary) derives the word from Scottish Gaelic, via British military slang: kludge or kludgie meaning a common toilet.[2]


Another etymology which has been suggested derives from klumsy, lame, ugly, dumb, but good enough. This appears to be a folk etymology, or backronym.



[edit] Spelling and pronunciation


Most dictionaries have the spelling kludge as the headword (pronounced to rhyme with fudge), with kluge (rhymes with stooge) listed as an alternate spelling. The Jargon File however, claims that kluge was the original spelling, and kludge is in fact a variant.[3] The German word klug is pronounced approximately like clook.



[edit] Naval use


In naval slang of the World War II era, a kludge is "any piece of electronics that works well on shore but consistently fails at sea".[4]


A shaggy dog story told in the US Navy in the 1940s tells of Murgatroyd the Kluge Maker, who, when enlisted into the navy, gives "kluge maker" as his occupation.[5] Because none of the officers knows what a kluge is, Murgatroyd ascends through the ranks, eventually becoming "kluge maker, first class". When an admiral demands that Murgatroyd build him a kluge, he constructs a strange object with springs in all directions. He then drops it over the side of the ship into the ocean, where it goes "kkluuge".


The punchline suggests that the intended pronunciation within the story was clug, which is closer to the sound of an object hitting the water than clooge or cludge.


The idea of a jury rig, also marine, is close. Many of Rube Goldberg's or Heath Robinson's machines were kludgey jury rigs and evoked considerable amusement from newspaper and magazine readers worldwide.



[edit] Aerospace engineering use


In aerospace design a kluge was a temporary design using separate commonly available components that were not flight worthy to proof the design and enable concurrent software development while the integrated components were developed and manufactured. The term was in common enough use to appear in a fictional movie about the US space program.[6]


Perhaps the ultimate kludge was the first US space station, Skylab. Its two major components, the Saturn Workshop and the Apollo Telescope Mount, began their development as separate projects (the SWS was kludged from the S-IVB stage of the Saturn 1B and Saturn V launch vehicles, the ATM was kludged from an early design for the descent stage of the Apollo Lunar Module). Later the SWS and ATM were folded into the Apollo Applications Program, but the components were to have been launched separately, then docked together in orbit. In the final design, the SWS and ATM were launched together, but for the single-launch concept to work, the ATM had to pivot 90 degrees on a truss structure from its launch position to its on-orbit orientation, clearing the way for the crew to dock its Apollo Command/Service Module at the axial docking port of the Multiple Docking Adapter.


The Airlock Module's manufacturer, McDonnell Douglas, even recycled the hatch design from its Gemini spacecraft and kludged what was originally designed for the conical Gemini Command Module onto the cylindrical Skylab Airlock Module. The Skylab project, managed by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Marshall Space Flight Center, was seen by the Manned Spacecraft Center (later Johnson Space Center) as an invasion of its historical role as the NASA center for manned spaceflight. Thus, MSC personnel missed no opportunity to disparage the Skylab project, calling it "the kludge."



[edit] Computer science use








In modern computing terminology, a kludge (or often a "hack") is a 'solution' to a problem, doing a task, or fixing a system (whether hardware or software) that is inefficient, inelegant, or even unfathomable, but which nevertheless (more or less) works. It has been suggested, as a folk etymology, or backronym, that it means klumsy, lame, ugly, dumb, but good enough; which rather captures the point. To kludge around something is to avoid a bug or some difficult condition by building a kludge, perhaps relying on properties of the bug itself to assure proper operation. It is somewhat similar in spirit to a workaround, only without the grace. A kludge is often used to change the behavior of a system after it is finished, without having to make fundamental changes. Sometimes to keep backwards compatibility, but often simply because it is easier. That something was often originally a crock, which is why it must now be hacked to make it work. Note that a hack might be a kludge, but that 'hack' could be, at least in computing, ironic praise, for a quick fix solution to a frustrating problem.


A kludge is often used to fix an unanticipated problem in an earlier kludge; this is essentially a kind of cruft.


Something might be a kludge if it fails in corner cases, but this is a less common sense as such situations are not expected to come up in typical usage. More commonly, a kludge is a poorly working heuristic which was expected to work well. An intimate knowledge of the context (ie, problem domain and/or the kludge's execution environment) is typically required to build a corner case kludge. As a consequence, they are sometimes ironically praised.


An anecdotal example of a kludge involved a computer part supposedly manufactured in the Soviet Union during the 1960s. The part needed slightly delayed receipt of a signal to work. Rather than setting up a timing system, the kludge was to make the internal wires extra-long, increasing the distance and thus increasing the time the electrical signal took to reach its destination.


A variation on this use of kludge is evasion of an unknown problem or bug in a computer program. Rather than continue to struggle to find out exactly what is causing the bug and how to fix it, the programmer may hack the problem by the simple kludge of writing new code which compensates. For example, if a variable keeps ending up doubled in a certain code area, add code which divides by two when it is used, after the original code has been executed.


In computer networking, use of NAT (Network Address Translation) (RFC 1918) or PAT (Port Address Translation) to cope with the shortage of IPv4 addresses is an example of a kludge, in this case an awkward fix for a fundamental design flaw. Another common example are TSRs like the OpenOffice.org quickstarter, Real Player quickstarter, and Adobe quickstarter.



[edit] Other uses


In the science fiction television series Andromeda, genetically engineered human beings called Nietzscheans use the term disparagingly to refer to genetically unmodified humans.


In Scotland, "kludge" refers to an outside toilet.



[edit] See also










[edit] References




  1. ^ Robina Mapstone (June 7, 1973) (PDF), Computer Oral History Collection, Jackson Granholm, Smithsonian National Museum of American History, http://www.invention.smithsonian.org/downloads/fa_cohc_tr_gran730607.pdf 

  2. ^ Eric S. Raymond, The Jargon File, Eric S. Raymond, http://www.catb.org/~esr/jargon/html/K/kluge.html 

  3. ^ Eric S. Raymond, The Jargon File, Eric S. Raymond, http://www.catb.org/~esr/jargon/html/K/kluge.html 

  4. ^ Eric S. Raymond, The Jargon File, Eric S. Raymond, http://www.catb.org/~esr/jargon/html/K/kluge.html 

  5. ^ Agnes Nolan Underwood (Winter 1947), "Murgatroyd, The Kluge Maker" - New York Folklore Quarterly, Vol III, No. 4, New York Folklore Society 

  6. ^ Marooned (film). 1969. Dialog between space crew and Ted approximately 30 minutes into the movie, following capsule power down. Ted says, "I'm in Huntsville kludging up a simulator of the XRV." The film was based on the 1964 novel of the same name.




[edit] External links