Saturday, January 24, 2009

Canningite Government 1827-1828

On 9 April 1827 the Tory Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Lord Liverpool, suffered a cerebral haemorrhage. He had been Prime Minister nearly fifteen years, ever since the assassination of his predecessor Spencer Perceval in April 1812. The man chosen to succeed him was the Foreign Secretary and Leader of the House of Commons, George Canning. Canning was very much on the moderate wing of the Tory Party, and many of the more hard-line members of Liverpool's government, including the Home Secretary, Sir Robert Peel, and national hero the Duke of Wellington (Master-General of the Ordnance), refused to serve under him. Canning's government was therefore recruited from the moderate wing of the Tory Party, known as the Canningites, with the support of several members of the Whig Party. Canning, who was in poor health at the time of his appointment, died in office on the 8 August 1827, and the Leader of the House of Lords Lord Goderich succeeded him as Prime Minister. However, Goderich's government never even met in a session of Parliament, and was replaced by a High Tory government under the Duke of Wellington on 22 January 1828.

This is a list of the members of the government. Members of the Cabinet are indicated by bold typeface.

First Lord of the TreasuryGeorge Canning10 April 1827 - 8 August 1827 
The Viscount Goderich31 August 1827 - 21 January 1828
Chancellor of the ExchequerGeorge Canning20 April 1827 
John Charles Herries3 September 1827
Parliamentary Secretary to the TreasuryJoseph Planta19 April 1827 
Financial Secretary to the TreasuryJohn Charles Herriescontinued in office 
Thomas Frankland Lewis4 September 1827
Junior Lords of the TreasuryEarl of Mount Charles30 April 1827 – 26 January 1828 
Lord Francis Leveson-Gower30 April 1827 - 8 September 1827
Lord Eliot30 April 1827 – 26 January 1828
Edmund Alexander Macnaghten30 April 1827 - 26 January 1828
Maurice FitzGerald31 July 1827 - 26 January 1828
Lord President of the CouncilThe Earl of Harrowbycontinued in office 
The Duke of Portland17 August 1827
Lord ChancellorThe Lord Lyndhurst2 May 1827 
Secretary of State for the Home DepartmentWilliam Sturges Bourne20 April 1827 
The Marquess of Lansdowne16 July 1827
Under-Secretary of State for the Home DepartmentSpencer Perceval30 April 1827 
Thomas Spring Rice16 July 1827
Secretary of State for Foreign AffairsThe Viscount Dudley and Ward30 April 1827created Earl of Dudley 5 October 1827
Under-Secretaries of State for Foreign AffairsThe Lord Howard de Waldencontinued in office 
The Marquess of Clanricardecontinued in office until 17 August 1827
Secretary of State for War and the ColoniesThe Viscount Goderich30 April 1827 
William Huskisson3 September 1827
Under-Secretary of State for War and the ColoniesRobert Wilmot Hortoncontinued in office 
President of the Board of TradeWilliam Huskissoncontinued in office 
Charles Grant3 September 1827
Vice-President of the Board of TradeCharles Grantcontinued in office 
President of the Board of ControlCharles Watkin Williams-Wynncontinued in office 
Secretary to the Board of ControlThomas Peregrine Courtenaycontinued in office 
Lord High AdmiralThe Duke of Clarence17 April 1827 
First Secretary to the AdmiraltyJohn Wilson Crokercontinued in office 
Lord Privy SealThe Duke of Devonshire30 April 1827 
The Earl of Carlisle16 July 1827
Chancellor of the Duchy of LancasterThe Lord Bexleycontinued in office 
Master-General of the OrdnanceThe Marquess of Anglesey30 April 1827 
Surveyor-General of the OrdnanceSir Edward Owen14 May 1827 
Clerk of the OrdnanceSir George Clerk4 May]] 1827 
Storekeeper of the OrdnanceMark Singletoncontinued in office 
Treasurer of the NavyWilliam Huskissoncontinued in office 
Charles Grant10 September 1827
Secretary at WarThe Viscount Palmerstoncontinued in office 
Master of the MintGeorge Tierney29 May 1827 
Paymaster of the ForcesWilliam Vesey Ftizgeraldcontinued in office 
First Commissioner of Woods and ForestsThe Earl of Carlisle30 May 1827 
William Sturges Bourne23 July 1827
Ministers without PortfolioThe Marquess of LansdowneMay 1827became Home Secretary July 1827
The Duke of PortlandMay 1827became Lord President August 1827
Lord Lieutenant of IrelandThe Marquess Wellesleycontinued in office 
Chief Secretary for IrelandWilliam Lamb29 April 1827 
Attorney GeneralSir James Scarlett27 April 1827 
Solicitor GeneralNicolas Conyngham Tindalcontinued in office 
Judge Advocate GeneralJames Abercromby12 May 1827 
Lord AdvocateSir William Raecontinued in office 
Solicitor General for ScotlandJohn Hopecontinued in office 
Attorney General for IrelandHenry Joy18 June 1827 
Solicitor General for IrelandJohn Doherty18 June 1827 
Lord Steward of the HouseholdThe Marquess Conynghamcontinued in office 
Lord Chamberlain of the HouseholdThe Duke of Devonshire5 May 1827 
Vice-Chamberlain of the HouseholdSir Samuel Hulse5 May 1827 
Master of the HorseThe Duke of Leeds4 May 1827 
Treasurer of the HouseholdSir William Henry Fremantlecontinued in office 
Comptroller of the HouseholdLord George Beresfordcontinued in office 
Captain of the Gentlemen PensionersThe Viscount Hereford1827 
Captain of the Yeomen of the GuardThe Earl of Macclesfieldcontinued in office 
Master of the BuckhoundsThe Lord Maryboroughcontinued in office 

[edit] References

  • Chris Cook and John Stevenson, British Historical Facts 1760-1830

  • Joseph Haydn and Horace Ockerby, The Book of Dignities

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