Sunday, May 10, 2009

Jenny Allard

Jenny Allard is a former All-American softball player at the University of Michigan and the current head coach of the Harvard University softball team. Allard played for the Michigan Wolverines from 1987-1990 where she was named an All-Big Ten player four straight years. She was a third baseman as a freshman and sophomore and a pitcher as a junior and senior. In 1989, Allard was named the Big Ten Player of the Year and a nominee for the Honda-Broderick Cup. She has been the head coach at Harvard since 1995, where she led the Crimson to its first Ivy League championship in 1982 and has followed with three more Ivy League crowns. In 1997, Allard told her team that she was a lesbian, becoming one of the first major college coaches to openly announce her homosexuality. In 2008, Allard was inducted into the University of Michigan Athletic Hall of Honor.


[edit] All-American at the University of Michigan (1987-1990)

A native of Irvine, California, Allard played softball at the University of Michigan from 1987-1990.[1] She began at Michigan as a third baseman, but became a pitcher in her junior and senior years.[2] As a freshman, Allard led the Wolverines with 26 RBIs, while hitting .331, second best on the team.[1] She led the team in batting average in 1988 and 1989 and was named an All-American and Big Ten Player of the Year in 1989.[1] She was also a four-time All-Big Ten Conference selection, earning Academic All-Big Ten honors as a senior.[2] In 1989, Allard was also nominated for the Honda Broderick Award. She was the recipient of Michigan’s Conference Medal of Honor, an award given to the highest-achieving female student-athlete. Named to the Big Ten All-Decade team in 1992, Allard ranked in the top four all-time in 15 hitting and pitching categories at the time of her graduation from Michigan.[2] In 2008, Allard was inducted into the University of Michigan Athletic Hall of Honor, only the fourth softball player inducted into the Hall (after Penny Neer, Vicki Morrow, and Alicia Seegert).[1]

[edit] Head coach at Harvard (1995-2008)

[edit] Coaching record

In 1992, Allard accepted a full-time coaching position as an assistant coach at the University of Iowa. In 1995, Allard accepted the head coaching position for the Harvard University softball team. She has been the head coach at Harvard for 13 seasons and is the longest tenured coach in the Ivy League.[2] She holds 313-249-1 overall record at Harvard, including a 127-49 record in the Ivy League.[2] Harvard has won four Ivy League softball titles in its history, all during Allard’s time as coach.[2] Allard has also been Harvard’s coach during each of its four 30-win seasons and its three NCAA Championship berths.[2] She has coached 33 first-team All-Ivy League players selections, four Ivy League Players of the Year, three Ivy Pitchers of the Year and two Ivy Rookies of the Year.[2]

In 1998, Allard led Harvard to the best season in the history of the program, as the team recorded a 34-22 record, captured its first Ivy League championship with a perfect 12-0 league record and earned its first bid to the NCAA Championship, where it defeated Boston College in the regional.[2][3] The Crimson was led in 1998 by Ivy Player of the Year Tara LaSovage and Pitcher of the Year Tasha Cupp.[2]

In 2000, Allard’s team won its second Ivy League championship and NCAA tournament berth. The 2000 Crimson went 11-1 in league play. In 2001, Harvard again won the Ivy League title after posting an 11-3 League record. In 2002, the team had a 31-10 record in 2002, breaking the record set by the 1998 team, and winning the ECAC championship.[2] In 2007, Harvard won its fourth Ivy League championship under Allard with a record of 31-15 record and a 14-6 record in the Conference.[2]

Allard earned a master’s degree from the Harvard School of Education in 1999 and a master's in psychology from the Harvard Extension School in 2003. [2]

[edit] Allard announces she is a lesbian in 1997

In 1997, Allard told her team that she was a lesbian, becoming one of the first major college coaches to openly affirm her homosexuality.[4] [5] Allard made the announcement to her players in an email. "What I wrote," Allard recalled, "was something like, 'I know you'll potentially be stopping by my suite or calling, and I just want to let you know that my partner has decided to move on campus with me and you'll soon get the opportunity to meet her.'"[4] She added, "I wanted to be very honest about how I was living and not be shamed or silenced by it. I ask and expect my athletes to be honest about things. They don't have to tell me everything, but if they are going to tell me something, I want them to be truthful. And because I want to model that, I couldn't tell them I'm hiding my partner behind the left field fence and I'm embarrassed to have them know her."[4] Allard has spoken at conferences on the subject of homosexuality in athletics and has become an advocate for the rights of gay and lesbian athletes. "As a coach, I'd like to see increased dialogue among teams, and resources for gay athletes need to come more to the forefront," she said. "It's a big learning experience to have a gay athlete on the team."[5]

[edit] See also

[edit] Notes

Rogue Ops

Rogue Ops
North American PS2 cover art

North American PS2 cover art
Developer(s)Bits Studios
Platform(s)Xbox, GameCube, PS2
Release date(s)NA October 29, 2003

PAL February 6, 2004

JP February 26, 2004
Mode(s)Single player
Rating(s)CERO: 15+


PEGI: 16+
MediaNintendo optical disc, DVD-ROM
Input methodsGame controller, Mic

Rogue Ops is a stealth-based action/adventure video game developed by Bits Studios and published by Kemco for the Microsoft Xbox, Nintendo GameCube and Sony PlayStation 2 in 2003. Compared unfavorably to the more established Metal Gear and Splinter Cell series, Rogue Ops was largely panned by critics and did not fare well commercially.

In Rogue Ops the player assumes the role of Nikki Connors, an ex-Green Beret whose husband and child are killed by Omega 19, a brutal terrorist organization. She then joins Phoenix, an almost as brutal counter-terrorism organization to seek revenge.

The game's minimal marketing efforts dealt mainly with the attractive appearance of its computer-generated heroine.


[edit] Gameplay

Rogue Ops is a third-person stealth-based action adventure title in the vein of Tom Clancy's Splinter Cell series. Many levels allow for a variety of tactics to be used, so often players may shoot everything that moves or simply sneak through entire missions. However, a few missions will require that no enemy alarms be set off, meaning players will have to dispose of enemies quietly and hide the bodies from detection. As in the Metal Gear and Splinter Cell series, a variety of spy gadgetry (fly cam, retinal scanner, etc.) and weapons (throwing stars, sniper rifle, remote mines, etc.) are used during the various missions, and hand-to-hand combat is involved during close encounters with the enemy.

[edit] Reception

Reception for the game has been polarized, with the Xbox version receiving the best reviews, the PS2 version mediocre, and the Gamecube version receiving the worst. [1]

[edit] References

[edit] External links

Saturday, May 9, 2009

Bearskin (disambiguation)

Bearskin may refer to

North Caucasian languages

North Caucasian



proposed language family, which is widely disputed; although links with other families have been proposed, none of these has received mainstream acceptance

ISO 639-5:ccn

Caucasian languages

West Caucasian      Circassian      Abkhaz      Ubykh (extinct)

East Caucasian      Nakh      Avar-Andi and Tsezic      Dargin      Lak      Lezgic and Khinalug

North Caucasian languages (sometimes called simply Caucasic as opposed to Kartvelian, and to avoid confusion with the concept of "Caucasian race") is a blanket term for two language phyla spoken chiefly in the north Caucasus and Turkey: the Northwest Caucasian family (Pontic, Abkhaz-Adyghe, Circassian, West Caucasian) and the Northeast Caucasian family (Caspian, Nakh-Dagestanian, East Caucasian); the latter includes the former North-central Caucasian (Nakh) family.

Many linguists, notably Sergei Starostin and Sergei Nikolayev, believe that the two groups sprang from a common ancestor about five thousand years ago[1]. However, due to the nature of the languages in question, this proposal is difficult to evaluate, and remains controversial.


[edit] Comparison of the two phyla

The main perceived similarities between the two phyla lie in their phonological systems. However, their grammars are quite different.

[edit] Main similarities

Both phyla are characterised by high levels of phonetic complexity, including the widespread usage of secondary articulation. Ubykh (Northwest) has 80 consonants, and Archi (Northeast) is thought to have 76.

A list of possible cognates has been proposed. However, most of them may be loanwords or simply coincidences, since most of the morphemes in both phyla are quite short (often just a single consonant).

[edit] Main differences

The Northeast Caucasian languages are characterised by great morphological complexity in the noun. For example, in Tsez, a series of locative cases intersect with a series of suffixes designating motion with regard to the location, producing an array of 126 locative suffixes (often – depending on the analysis – described as noun cases).

By contrast, the Northwest Caucasian noun systems are extremely poor in morphology, usually distinguishing just two or three cases. However, they make up with a very complex verbal structure: the subject, the direct object, the indirect object, benefactive objects and most local functions are expressed in the verb.

[edit] Some comparisons

Personal pronouns[2]
PersonNortheast Caucasian[3]PNWC[1]PNC[1]
4i*way[4]*-χːa*χːə-*iλiː*łiː- (?)*šʲə/tːa/χːa[5]*Läː

Abbreviations: PN = Proto-Nakh, PDL = Proto-Dargi-Lak, PLK = Proto-Lezgic-Khinalugh, PAAT = Proto-Avar-Andic-Tsezic, PNEC = Proto-Northeast Caucasian, PNWC = Proto-Northwest Caucasian, PNC = Proto-North Caucasian

3*ɬeb (?)*λ:ə*ƛHĕ
7*u̯ərδ (?)*bδə*ʡĕrŁ_ɨ̆
8*mbərδ---*bǖnŁ_e (˜-a)

[edit] Criticism

Not all scholars accept the unity of the North Caucasian languages as proposed by Nikolayev and Starostin, and some who do believe that the two are, or may be, related do not accept the methodology they use. A notable critic of Nikolayev and Starostin's hypothesis is Johanna Nichols[7].

[edit] See also

[edit] References

  1. ^ a b c Nikolayev, S., and S. Starostin. 1994 North Caucasian Etymological Dictionary. Moscow: Asterisk Press. Available online.

  2. ^ PN = Proto-Nakh, PDL = Proto-Lak-Dargwa, PLK = Proto-Lezghian-Khinalug, PAAT = Proto-Avar-Andi-Tsezic, PNEC = Proto-Northeast Caucasian, PNWC = Proto-Northwest Caucasian, PNC = Proto-North Caucasian

  3. ^ Wolfgang Schulze 2007 [1996]. Personalität in den ostkaukasischen Sprachen. (190 pp.). Munich Working Papers in Cognitive Typology

  4. ^ Schulze considers this to be a loanword from Proto-Indo-European

  5. ^ Ubykh/Proto-Adyghe-Kabardian/Proto-Abkhaz-Tapant. These forms are difficult to reconcile.

  6. ^ Probably the original 1st plural inclusive.

  7. ^ Nichols, J. 1997 Nikolaev and Starostin's North Caucasian Etymological Dictionary and the Methodology of Long-Range Comparison: an assessment. Paper presented at the 10th Biennial Non-Slavic Languages (NSL) Conference, Chicago, 8-10 May 1997.

Friday, May 8, 2009

Al Lopez Field

Coordinates: 27°58′30″N 82°30′09″W / 27.9750738°N 82.5025606°W / 27.9750738; -82.5025606

Al Lopez Field

Al Lopez Field was a spring training and Minor League baseball park in Tampa, Florida. It was named for Tampa native and Baseball Hall of Famer Al Lopez.

It was located east of Dale Mabry Highway (Highway US-92) and north of Tampa Bay Boulevard. It opened in 1957 as the spring home of the Chicago White Sox and also the Cincinnati Reds. Lopez was the Sox manager at the time. The Sox moved elsewhere a few years later, but the Reds stayed for three decades.

The grandstand featured a high, curved roof with no obstructing columns, a design similar to but a little less dramatic than that of Miami Stadium.

In 1967, Tampa Stadium (later renamed Houlihan's Stadium) was built to the north of it. That stadium became the first home of the Tampa Bay Buccaneers in 1976. The photo shown here was taken from a back row of that stadium.

After the spring session of 1987, the Reds abandoned the park for newer facilities in Plant City, Florida. The park continued to be used as a minor league facility for a couple more years before the ballpark was abandoned for good and was demolished. There was discussion of building a major league baseball facility in its place, but that did not happen.

Instead, Raymond James Stadium, which opened in 1998, was constructed on the site. The northeast quadrant of the stadium occupies the site of Al Lopez Field's first base grandstand, and the rest of the old ballpark site is covered by the approach apron of the big stadium.

Al Lopez died at 97 on October 29, 2005, just three days after his Chicago White Sox had won the World Series. Some obituaries repeated a story he had often told on himself. Early in one Sox spring training session in Tampa, Lopez got into an argument with umpire John Stevens and was ejected. He said, "The umpire threw me out of my own ballpark!"

[edit] See also

[edit] External links

Dreamtime Return

Dreamtime Return
Dreamtime Return cover
Studio album by Steve Roach
Recorded1987-88 at The Timeroom
LabelFortuna Records
ProducerSteve Roach
Professional reviews

Steve Roach chronology

Quiet Music

Dreamtime Return



Alternate cover
1998 reissue.
1998 reissue.

Dreamtime Return (1988) is a double album, based on Australian Aboriginal culture and the concept of the Dreamtime, by the American ambient musician Steve Roach. Roach had already began composing this album when by chance he received a letter from writer/photographer David Stahl. Stahl had heard Steve Roach’s third album, Structures from Silence, on the radio while driving through the desert towards Mexico. He informed Steve Roach of his current documentary film project Art of the Dreamtime. Several months later Roach and Stahl traveled to Northern Australia to visit that region's ancient Aboriginal sites.


[edit] Overview

This album is Steve Roach’s first true tribal album, as well as being the first of his many double album projects. The music consists of slow haunting electronic textures, sometimes featuring various ethnic percussion instruments and traditional Aboriginal chants and voices. The track “Truth in Passing” features atmospheric piano work rare in Steve Roach’s music.

The earliest recorded track on the album is “The Other Side”. This piece was recorded live, with Kevin Braheny playing a Steiner EWI (Electronic Woodwind Instrument). This piece was broadcast on the National Public Radio program Music from the Hearts of Space in 1986. This particular edition of the program, titled Starflight 1, was so popular that later that year it was released as an album, consequently “The Other Side” was released two years before the rest of Dreamtime Return.

After this album was released, Steve Roach embarked on a second trip to Australia.

[edit] Track listing

[edit] 2-Disc CD Release

[edit] Disc one

  1. ”Towards the Dream” – 7:08

  2. ”The Continent” – 4:49

  3. ”Songline” – 3:10)

  4. ”Airtribe Meets the Dream Ghost” – 7:00

  5. ”A Circular Ceremony” – 11:18

  6. ”The Other Side” – 13:14

  7. ”Magnificent Gallery” – 6:07

  8. ”Truth in Passing” – 8:41

  9. ”Australian Dawn-The Quiet Earth Cries Inside” – 6:18

[edit] Disc two

  1. ”Looking for Safety” – 31:21

  2. ”Through a Strong Eye” – 6:50

  3. ”The Ancient Day” – 6:06

  4. ”Red Twilight with the Old Ones” – 9:48

  5. ”The Return” – 8:33

[edit] 1988 Fortuna Records 2-LP release

The 1988 2-LP release lacks the songs "Truth in Passing" and "Through a Strong Eye." It also has shorter edits of several other pieces, including a version of "Looking for Safety" that is 20 minutes shorter than the CD version.

[edit] Side 1

  1. ”Towards the Dream” – 7:08

  2. ”The Continent” – 4:48

  3. ”Songline” – 3:11

  4. ”Airtribe Meets the Dream Ghost” – 6:59

[edit] Side 2

  1. ”A Circular Ceremony” – 9:35

  2. ”The Other Side” – 13:13

[edit] Side 3

  1. ”Magnificent Gallery” – 5:03

  2. ”Australian Dawn-The Quiet Earth Cries Inside” – 5:11

  3. ”Looking for Safety” – 10:03

[edit] Side 4

  1. ”The Ancient Day” – 6:06

  2. ”Red Twilight with the Old Ones” – 9:48

  3. ”The Return” – 8:33

[edit] Personnel

[edit] See also

Thursday, May 7, 2009

Mugi, Gifu

Map of Mugi, Gifu

Mugi (武儀町 Mugi-chō?) was a town located in Mugi District, Gifu, Japan. The town was dissolved after Mugi District was merged into the city of Seki.

As of 2003, the town had an estimated population of 4,038 and a density of 61.87 persons per km². The total area was 65.27 km².


A complete body PET / CT Fusion image

A - CT image; B - PET image; C - Coregistered PET and CT images. The bright red/yellow masses show hypermetabolic areas of the pelvis with metastases of a previous, surgically removed colon carcinoma in a 69-yrs old woman. Photo: Renato M.E. Sabbatini, PhD, Cancer Hospital of São Paulo, Brazil

Positron emission tomography - computed tomography (better know by its acronym PET-CT) is a medical imaging device which combines in a single gantry system both a Positron Emission Tomography (PET) and an x-ray Computed Tomography, so that images acquired from both devices can be taken sequentially, in the same session from the patient and combined into a single superposed (co-registered) image. Thus, functional imaging obtained by PET, which depicts the spatial distribution of metabolic or biochemical activity in the body can be more precisely aligned or correlated with anatomic imaging obtained by CT scanning. Two- and three-dimensional image reconstruction may be rendered as a function of a common software and control system.

PET-CT has revolutionized many fields of medical diagnosis, by adding precision of anatomic localization to functional imaging, which was previously lacking from pure PET imaging. For example, in oncology, surgical planning, radiation therapy and cancer staging have been changing rapidly under the influence of PET-CT availability, to the extent that many diagnostic imaging procedures and centers have been gradually abandoning conventional PET devices and substituting them by PET-CTs. Although the combined device is considerably more expensive, it has the advantage of providing both functions as stand-alone examinations, being, in fact, two devices in one.

The only other obstacle to a wider dissemination of PET-CT is the difficulty and cost of producing and transporting the radiopharmaceuticals used for PET imaging, which are usually extremely short-lived (for instance, the half life of radioactive fluor18 used to trace glucose metabolism (using fluorodeoxyglucose -- FDG) is two hours only. Its production requires a very expensive cyclotron as well as a production line for the radiopharmaceuticals.

[edit] Procedure for FDG imaging

An example of how PET-CT works in the diagnostic work-up of FDG metabolic mapping follows:

  • Before the exam, the patient undergoes a minimum of 8-hour fasting and rest;

  • In the day of the exam, the patient rests lying for a minimum of 15 min, in order to quiet down muscular activity, which might be interpreted as abnormal metabolism;

  • An intravenous bolus injection of a dose of recently produced 2-FDG or 3-FDG is made, usually by a vein in one of the arms. Dosage ranges from 0,1 to 0,2 mCi per kg of body weight;

  • After one or two hours, the patient is placed into the PET-CT device, usually lying in a supine position with his/her arms resting at the sides, or brought together above the head, depending on the main region of interest (ROI)

  • An automatic bed moves head first into the gantry, first obtaining a topogram, also called a scout view, which is a kind of whole body flat sagital section, obtained with the X-ray tube fixed into the upper position.

  • The operator uses the PET-CT computer console to identify the patient and examination, delimit the caudal and rostral limits of the body scan onto the scout view, selects the scanning parameters and starts the image acquisition period, which follows without human intervention;

  • The patient is automatically moved head first into the CT gantry, and the x-ray tomogram is acquired;

  • Now the patient is automatically moved through the PET gantry, which is mounted in parallel with the CT gantry, and the PET slices are acquired;

  • The patient may now leave the device, and the PET-CT software starts reconstructing and aligning the PET and CT images.

A whole body scan, which usually is made from mid-thights to the top of the head, takes from 5 minutes to 40 minutes depending on the acquisition protocol and technology of the equipment used. FDG imaging protocols acquires slices with a thickness of 2 to 3 mm. Hypermetabolic lesions are shown as false color-coded pixels or voxels onto the gray-value coded CT images. Standard Uptake Values are calculated by the software for each hypermetabolic region detected in the image. It provides a quantification of size of the lesion, since functional imaging does not provide a precise anatomical estimate of its extent. The CT can be used for that, when the lesion is also visualized in its images (this is not always the case when hypermetabolic lesions are not accompanied by anatomical changes).

FDG doses in quantities sufficient to carry out 4-5 examinations are delivered daily, twice or more times per day, by the provider to the diagnostic imaging center.

For uses in stereotactic radiation therapy of cancer, special fiducial marks are placed in the patient's body before acquiring the PET-CT images. The slices thus acquired may be transferred digitally to a linear accelerator which is used to perform precise bombardment of the target areas using high energy photons (radiosurgery).

[edit] See also

[edit] External links

[1]How PET CT works - from Harvard Medical School

[2]PET CT for evaluation of Lung Cancer from Harvard Medical School